Managing Server Part of Uploading

Server Script

In essence, file uploading is done via Ajax. Each time the send() function is executed, an Ajax POST request is sent behind the scene. Its url is a script you specify as a value of the upload property.

{view:"uploader", name:"uploader", upload:"upload.php"}

The custom script you write yourself in your favorite language, it is not limited by PHP. Regardless of the language, the script must contain:

  • the desired destination for file uploading;
  • script response in form of a JS string - {"status":"server"} for success, {"status":"error"} for failure.

Below PHP solution is explained:

Uploader is based on an HTML input, type "file", so the files passed to the script will be stored in the $_FILES array under the Uploader "name". The properties of an uploaded file can be received right here:

$file = $_FILES['uploader']; //getting a file object
$file['name']; //name of the uploaded file 
$file['tmp_name']; //name of the file in the temporary storage

The simplest way to set the destination and move the files is the following:

$destination = realpath('./files'); //define folder
$filename = $destination."/".preg_replace("|[\\\/]|", "", $file["name"]); //set destination
move_uploaded_file($file["tmp_name"], $filename); //move files

Tuning Server-side Response

You must also tune the script response to notify about the result of file uploading, otherwise you won't be able to get notification about the upload success or failure.

The script ought to return JSON string that is later processed by Uploader to change the properties of the corresponding file object.

if ( /* conditions */ ){    
    echo '{ "status": "server" }';
} else {
    echo '{ "status": "error" }';

Why is it done in the described way? Each file object features status that changes during uploading:

  • client - when the file was just added to Uploader and uploading hasn't started yet. Or when uploading was aborted by a user;
  • transfer - during uploading until a script response;
  • server - uploading finished, set when the script response is "{status:'server'}";
  • error - an error has occurred during uploading, set when the script response is {'status':'error'}.

The response is available directly in the send() callback that takes it as a parameter:


In addition, the script may return any additional information, e.g. file storage name encoded with MD5.

$sname = md5($file["name"]);
if ( /*...*/ ){ 
    echo '{ "status": "server", "sname":"$sname"}';

Related sample:  Sending on Custom Action

This additional info is added to the file object and can be later on derived just like other properties.

    var f = $$("upl1").files;
    var file_id = f.getFirstId();
    var status = f.getItem(file_id).status; // upload status
    var fname = f.getItem(file_id).name;    // file name
    var sname = f.getItem(file_id).sname;   // storage name
    webix.message("Upload: "+status+" for "+name+" stored as "+sname );

Multiple Files

In case of multiple files uploaded at a time, a direct response isn't suitable, as it contains info about one file.

Instead, start a cycle that will get to each file's value:

        var status = obj.status;
        var name =;
            var sname = obj.sname; //came from upload script
            webix.message("Upload: "+status+" for "+ name+" stored as "+sname );
            webix.message("Upload: "+status+" for "+ name);

Related sample:  Uploader and Form Integration

Files Data Array

The same can be done by addressing directly to the uploader datastore, through the data array:

    var text =[file_id].sname;
    webix.message("Test sname: "+ text);

Or, in a cycle in case of multiple files uploaded at a time:

for(var i in{
    var text =[i].sname;
    webix.message("Test sname: "+ text);

Setting the Uploading Button Name

By default, the value of a button for uploading files is "upload". If you want to set your own name for this button, you need to make use of the inputName property.

{ view:"uploader", inputName:"myFile" }
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