Managing Server Part of Uploading

Server Script

In essence, file uploading is done via Ajax. Each time send() function is executed, Ajax POST request is sent behind the scene. Its url is a script you specify as value of upload property.

{view:"uploader", name:"uploader", upload:"upload.php", ...}

The custom script you write yourself on your favorite language, not just PHP. Regardless of the language, the script must contain:

  • the desired destination for file uploading;
  • script response in form of a JS string - {"status":"server"} for success, {"status":"error"} for failure.

Below PHP solution is explained:

Uploader is based on an HTML input, type "file", so files passed to the script will be stored in $_FILES array under the Uploader "name" The properties of an uploaded file can be gotten right here:

$file = $_FILES['uploader']; //getting a file object
$file['name']; //name of the uploaded file 
$file['tmp_name']; //name of the file in the temporary storage

The simplest way to set destination and move the files there is:

$destination = realpath('./files'); //define folder
$filename = $destination."/".preg_replace("|[\\\/]|", "", $file["name"]); //set destination
move_uploaded_file($file["tmp_name"], $filename); //move files

Tuning Server-side Response

You must also tune the script response to notify you about the result of file uploading, otherwise you won't be able to get notification about upload success or failure.

The script ought to return JSON string that is later processed by Uploader to change the properties of the corresponding file object.

if ( /* conditions */ ){    
    echo '{ "status": "server" }';
} else {
    echo '{ "status": "error" }';

Why it's done so? Each file object features status that changes during uploading:

  • client - when the file was just added to Uploader and uploading hasn't started yet. Or when uploading was aborted by user;
  • transfer - during uploading until script response;
  • server - uploading finished, set when script response is "{status:'server'}";
  • error - an error has occurred during uploading, set when script response is {'status':'error'}.

The response is available directly in the send() callback that takes it as parameter:


In addition, script may return any additional information, e.g. file storage name encoded with MD5.

$sname = md5($file["name"]);
if ( /*...*/ ){ 
    echo '{ "status": "server", "sname":"$sname"}';

Related sample:  Sending on custom action

This additional info is added to the file object and can be later on derived just like other properties.

    var f = $$("upl1").files;
    var file_id = f.getFirstId();
    var status = f.getItem(file_id).status; //upload status
    var status = f.getItem(file_id).name; //file name
    var sname = f.getItem(file_id).sname; //storage name
    webix.message("Upload: "+status+" for "+name+" stored as "+sname );

Multiple Files

In case of multiple files uploaded at a time, direct response won't suit as it contains info about one file.

Instead, start a cycle that will get to each file's value:

        var status = obj.status;
        var name =;
            var sname = obj.sname; //came from upload script
            webix.message("Upload: "+status+" for "+ name+" stored as "+sname );
            webix.message("Upload: "+status+" for "+ name);

Related sample:  Uploader and Form Integration

Files Data Array

The same can be done applying directly to the uploader datastore, through data array:

    var text =[file_id].sname;
    webix.message("Test sname: "+ text);

Or, in a cycle in case of multiple files uploaded at a time:

for(var i in{
    var text =[i].sname;
    webix.message("Test sname: "+ text);

Setting the Uploading Button Name

By default, the value of the button to upload files is "upload". If you want to set your own name for this button, you need to make use of the inputName property.

{ view:"uploader", inputName:"myFile" }
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