Form

API Reference

Overview

Any form is a means of getting some information from users. It contains input fields and select components like checkboxes, radio buttons alongside with submit/cancel buttons depending on the situation. Find them all in our Controls Guide.



Initialization

UI-related form inherits from view. It resembles layout very much as it is divided into columns and rows where controls are put.

  • elements - the form's specific property, an array of vertically arranged controls and control groups;
  • cols - an array of horizontally arranged controls and control groups;
  • rows - (alias to elements) an array of vertically arranged controls and control groups.

Please pay attention that in order to interact with controls (set/get values, validate them), you should specify the name property for each needed control.

Login form

webix.ui({
    view:"form", 
    id:"log_form",
    width:300,
    elements:[
        { view:"text", label:"Email", name:"email"},
        { view:"text", type:"password", label:"Password", name:"password"},
        { margin:5, cols:[
            { view:"button", value:"Login" , type:"form"},
            { view:"button", value:"Cancel"}
        ]}
    ]
});

Related sample:  Form Basic Initialization

There exists a possibility to specify common configuration for all controls included in this or that form.

Setting Initial Values

Initial form values can be set in different ways:

Setting value of each element separately

Every form control features value property:

{ view:"text", id:"fname", value:"Adam Smith"}

Or, you can call the setValue() method for it:

$$("fname").setValue("Adam Smith");

However, this way is not effective while working with the whole form.

Using setValues API

To set form values in a scope, you can use its setValues method. It takes an object with values as first (and mandatory) parameter:

$$("$form1").setValues({
    value1:"111", value2:"222"
});

Data names of these values must coincide with values of name parameters of the corresponding form elements:

elements:[
    { view:"text", name:"value1"},
    { view:"text", name:"value2" }
]

Complex Data

Form values can be of any complexity level, which means that sub items are acceptable. For these needs the form should have the following configuration:

  • complexData property should be set to true;
  • element names should be concatenated from all the data names in the chain.
webix.ui({
    view:"form",
    complexData:true,
    elements:[
        { label:"Width", view:"text", name:"layout.width" },
        { label:"Height", view:"text", name:"layout.height"}
    ]
});
 
$$("sets").setValues({
    layout:{
        width:250,
        height:480
    }
});

Related sample:  Form:Data with complex properties

Loading/parsing values

Webix form can load or parse data like any data management component. All the data loading rules are true for it.

Again, data attributes should coincide with names of form fields:

Parsing

var data = {id:1, fname:"Ann", lname:"Brown"};
 
webix.ui({
    view:"form", id:"myform", elements:[
        { view:"text", name:"fname"},
        { view:"text", name:"lname"}
    ],
    data:data
});    
//or
$$("myform").parse(data);

Loading

$$("myform").load("data.php");

Grouping Controls in Form

Dividing form into sections

Form elements can be divided into columns and rows with any level of complexity.

{ view:"form", elements:[
    {cols:[
        { rows:[
            { view:"text"},
            { view:"datepicker"}
        ]},
        { view:"checkbox"},
        { view:"button"}
    ]}
]}

To add user-friendliness to form interface, separated blocks can be set within it by:

  • Adding headers with section type before control blocks;
  • Dividing a form into fieldsets.

Sections

Form elements are placed into different row arrays where the first row is a section header. Its template define text value of the header:

{view:"form", elements: [
    { rows:[ 
        { template:"Alpha fields", type:"section"},
        { view:"text", label:"Alpha 1", value:"" },
        { view:"text", label:"Alpha 2", value:"" }
    ]},
    { rows:[ 
        { template:"Beta fields", type:"section"},
        { view:"text", label:"Beta 1", value:"" }
    ]}
]}



Related sample:  Splitting Form into Sections

Fieldset

Fieldset is a collection of controls surrounded by a border from all the sides. Webix Fieldset features text label and body where rows or cols array of controls are stored:

{view:"form", elements:[
    { view:"fieldset", label:"Field Set 1", body:{
         rows:[
            { view:"text", label:"Login"},
            { view:"text", label:"Email"}
         ]
    }}
]}



Related sample:  Fieldset

Multiview Form

Form field can be placed into different tabs thus forming a multiview layout. Switching between tabs there is implemented with tabbar and segmented buttons as well as with the help of the dedicated tabview.

The switching controls are placed directly into the array of form elements.

{view:"form", elements:[
    { view:"tabview",
        tabbar:{ 
            options:["A","B"]
        },
        cells:[
            { id:"A", rows:[
                { view:"text", name:"value1", label:"value1" },{}
            ]},
            { id:"B", rows:[
                { view:"text", name:"value2", label:"value2" }, {}
            ]}
        ]
    }
]}

Related sample:  Form with Tabs

Retrieving Form Values

Getting value of a single element

Since form elements comprise an associative array you can refer to each of them by the name property of any item.

var form1 = [
    { view:"text", label:"Login", name:"login"},
    { view:"text",  label:"Email", name:"email"},
    { view:"button",  name:"submit", value:"Submit"}
];
 
webix.ui({
    view:"form", 
    id:"my_form", 
    elements: form1
});
 
//accessing "login" field object    
var login = $$("my_form").elements.login;
 
//getting value of "login" field
var loginValue = $$("my_form").elements.login.getValue();

Or, you can apply the getValue() method directly to the needed control:

var loginValue = $$("log").getValue();

Getting values of all form elements

To get an associative array of all elements' values (name:value pairs) you can use getValues method. To get to the necessary value, you should specify the name of the needed control.

var values = $$("my_form").getValues(); //returns { login:"", email:"", submit:"" }
 
values.login; // returns current value of "login" field

Additionally, you can get only changed and unchanged form values with the following methods respectively:

Disabling Form Elements

Any form element can be disabled or switched to the readonly mode.

webix.ui({
    view:"form",
    elements:[
        { view:"text", readonly:true},
        { view:"text", disabled:true }
    ]
});

Related sample:  Attributes

See also Form and HTMLform Treatment article to learn more about the most important form methods.

Reacting on Changes in Input Fields

If you want to track the moment when the value in an input changes from one to another and attach some event to it, make use of the dedicated "onChange" event.

The event is attached to element object that can be retrieved by its ID or name.

The attached function can be any you wish. Here is an example of logging the changes. The old value comes as oldv parameter while the new one is referred to as newv:

$$("form1").elements["login"].attachEvent("onChange", function(newv, oldv){
    webix.message("Value changed from: "+oldv+" to: "+newv);
});

Related sample:  'onChange' Event

Getting Parent Form for the Input

The easiest way to get to the parent form from any of its elements is to call the getFormView:

Validating form on input changing

{ view:"text", on:{
    onChange:function(){
        var form = this.getFormView();
        form.validate();
 
    }
}}

Sending Form Data

Form data can be sent to server in either of the following ways:

1 . Using Webix Ajax helper:

webix.ajax().post("some.php", form.getValues()); 
//with callback
webix.ajax().post("some.php", form.getValues(), function(text, data, xhr){ });

2 . Using webix.send method that emulates HTMLform submitting:

webix.send("come.php", form.getValues());

3 . Indirectly, via the bound master component or DataCollection:

The method is good when the form is used for editing the data of the main component (datatable, tree, list, etc.). In this case not the form data matters but the data of the main component. Form saves the data to the master component while the master handles the server side part.

//data from selected list item is pushed to the form
form.bind(list);
 
//pushes the data back to list item
form.save()

Data binding concept is described in a separate documentation article.

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