Available only in PRO Edition

Datatable Rowspans and Colspans

Webix Pro only.

Datatable API allows setting rowspans and colspans with the help of the span configuration that is passed together with the datatable data.

To enable the rowspans and colspans functionality, you should add spans:true to the datatable configuration.

The data you want to display in the datatable is passed in the data object that contains:

  • data/url - a data collection that should be loaded;
  • spans - an array of rowspans and colspans for the datatable.
            { id:1, title:"The Shawshank Redemption", country: "USA", year:1994,
                votes:678790, rating:9.5, rank:1},
            { id:2, title:"The Godfather", country: "USA", year:1972, votes:511495,
                rating:9.2, rank:2},
            { id:3, title:"The Godfather: Part II", country: "USA", year:1974,
                votes:319352, rating:9.0, rank:3},
            //span for 3 rows
            [1, "country", 1, 3],
            //span for 4 columns, styled
            ["sub1", "country", 4, 1, null, "highlight"],

Related sample:  Colspans in DataTable

Each definition of a rowspan or colspan includes:

  • row ID - the id of the first row in colspan/rowspan;
  • column ID - the id of the column that starts colspan/rowspan;
  • width - how many columns should the span include. 1 by default;
  • height - how many rows should the span include. 1 by default;
  • value (optional) - the value that the span area should display. If the value of the start cell is required, omit this field or pass an empty value ("", null);
  • css (optional) - CSS class that should be applied to the span area.

Besides setting an array of rowspans and colspans directly in the datatable configuration, you can use the addSpan method to add spans into the datatable. It takes the same parameters that were described above, e.g.:

grid.addSpan(1, "country", 1, 3);

You can also remove unnecessary spans with the help of the removeSpan method:

grid.removeSpan(1, "country");

The method takes 2 parameters:

  • id - (string/number) the row ID that starts a colspan/rowspan
  • column - (string) the column ID that starts a colspan/rowspan

Don't forget to call the refresh method after addSpan or removeSpan in order to re-render the datatable with the applied changes:


You can also get the span configuration array with the help of the getSpan method.

var span = grid.getSpan();

CSS for Rowspan and Colspans

The simplest way to add styling to the rowspan or colspan is to mention its css class in the configuration (as shown above).

Extra rules for span elements should be applied to properly position long texts in a row span:

Span CSS

/* ensuring proper display */
    background: transparent;
    overflow: visible;
    background: #fff;
    white-space: normal;
/* coloring */
    background: #DFF;

Datatable configuration:

Styled Spans

var text2 = "Learn more about each film, read recent reviews and explore ratings...";
            //span for 6 columns
            [ "2", "rank", 6, 1, text2, "hrow"]

Related sample:  Colspans in a Big DataTable

Export to Excel

You can export a datatable with spans and styles into an Excel file. For this purpose, you need to use the toExcel method and pass an object with spans:true and styles:true options as the second parameter:

webix.toExcel("table", {

Related sample:  Export to Excel: Styles and Spans

Back to top
If you have not checked yet, be sure to visit site of our main product Webix javascript component library and page of web datagrid product.